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Relationship Between the Incidence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases and the Prevalence of Tobacco Smoking Among the Population of the Russian Federation

Journal «MEDICINA» 4, 2023, pp.1-9 (Research)

Authors

Salagay O. O.
MD, PhD, State Secretary Deputy Minister1

Antonov N. S.
Doctor of Medicine, Leading Researcher2; Head Researcher, Department of Public Health and Demography3

Sakharova G. M.
Doctor of Medicine, Professor, Leading Researcher2; Head Researcher, Department of Public Health and Demography3

Rusakova L. I.
Doctor of Medicine, Head, Scientific and Organizational Department3

1 - Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
2 - Central Research Institute of Health Organization and Informatization, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
3 - Central Research Institute of Tuberculosis, Moscow, Russia

Corresponding Author

Sakharova Galina; e-mail: pulmomail@gmail.com

Conflict of interest

Authors have no conflict of interest.

Funding

The study had no sponsorship.

Abstract

The article analyses morbidity and mortality caused by chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases among the population of the Russian Federation in the period from 2011 to 2019. Two indicators were analyzed in the entire population: the absolute incidence numbers of newly established chronic and unspecified bronchitis, emphysema (J42-J43), and other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (J44); as well as mortality caused by these diseases, also measured in absolute numbers. To analyze the impact of the prevalence of tobacco smoking among the population on morbidity and mortality, the observation period was split into two time periods: 2011-2014 before the adoption of Federal Law No. 15-FZ «On protecting the health of citizens from the effects of second-hand tobacco smoke, the consequences of tobacco consumption or the consequences of the consumption of nicotine-containing products», 2014-2019 after the adoption of the law. Linear approximation was used to assess the dynamics of changes in the indicators, the dynamic trends of the indicators were built for the selected time periods. The results of the study showed that morbidity and mortality from chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases after the adoption of Federal Law No. 15-FZ, resulting in the constant annual decrease in the prevalence of smoking in the Russian Federation, reversed from a steady increase to a steady decrease. However, the beginning of the decrease in mortality was observed later (2015) than the decrease of incidence (2014), and the rate of decrease in mortality was 2 times lower than the rate of decrease in incidence.

Key words

tobacco smoking prevalence, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, COPD incidence, COPD mortality, chronic bronchitis incidence, anti-tobacco law

DOI

References

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